The Arab Democracy Barometer was established in 2005 by scholars in the Arab world and the United States.   Leadership was initially provided by the University of Michigan and Princeton University in the U.S. and by universities and research centers in Jordan, Palestine, Morocco, Algeria and Kuwait. In 2010, a partnership was formed with the Arab Reform Initiative (ARI: www.arab-reform.net) in order to expand the project’s scope and range of activities, building off ARI’s regional survey work carried out in 2006-2008.   

The Arab Barometer was also developed in consultation with Global Barometer project, a network composed of regional barometers in Latin America, Sub-Saharan, East Asia and South Asia (http://www.globalbarometer.net/).  Like other regional Democracy Barometers, the objectives of the Arab Barometer are to produce scientifically reliable data on the politically-relevant attitudes of ordinary citizens, to disseminate and apply survey findings in order to contribute to political reform, and to strengthen institutional capacity for public opinion research.

A number of cross-national and collaborative research initiatives in the Arab world and elsewhere are undertaking to assess citizen attitudes about public affairs, governance and social policy.  These projects, including the Global Barometer and the World Values Survey, are concerned not only with what ordinary men and women think about important issues, they also seek to identify the factors that shape attitudes and values and that help to explain why different people have different views and perceptions.

Country reports are short essays that describe and analyze data for each country.  Authors follow a similar format interpreted as appropriate for their country. The reports contain basic methodological information about the survey, most importantly the sampling procedure, as well as a description of important domestic or international conditions affecting attitudes during the period covered. They provide a summary of the most important findings.  The new findings are normally compared to previous findings, when available.  An appendix with tables presenting the detailed findings covered in the analysis is attached to each report.  Country reports cover the main themes of the surveys: understanding the meaning of democracy, perception of economic issues, citizenship and rights, the role of religion and social values, public institutions and trust in their effectiveness, and Arab and international issues.



Arab Barometer II - Sudan

Based on the second wave of the Arab Barometer survey, this report presents the
opinions of Sudanese citizens on social, economic and political issues. Specifically, the report
focuses on the following themes: (1) the economic situation of the country, (2) religious
practices and the role of religion in society and politics, (3) political systems, democracy, the
assessment of the government and public institutions in terms of efficiency, corruption and
transparency, (4) the role of women in society, and (5) international relations and the United


Arab Barometer II - Iraq

The second wave of the Arab Barometer survey was conducted in Iraq between February
20th and March 12th of 2012. As Iraq was not included in the first wave of the Arab Barometer,
this survey was the first of its kind in the country. This report outlines the views of Iraqi citizens
on issues of religion, economic and political outlooks, satisfaction with the government and other
institutions, trust, attitudes towards women, and views of the United States. It also examines


Arab Barometer II - Lebanon

As part of the Arab Barometer survey, this report examines the opinions and attitudes of
Lebanese over political, economic, and social issues. The survey which was conducted by
Statistics Lebanon interviewed 1,388 citizens between November 24th and December 6th
, 2010 and then in April 2011. The survey tackled the following seven major issues: The overall
condition in the country, views on democracy, citizenships and rights, religious values, role of
women in society, public institutions and their efficiency, and Arab and international affairs.

Arab Barometer III

The third wave of the Arab Democracy Barometer is currently underway. It is expected that the fieldwork will be completed by mid-2013. The Arab Barometer partnership with the Arab Reform Initiative, which started with the launch of the second wave of surveys, has been enriched with a partnership with the Afro Barometer. The AB team, working closely with the Afro Barometer, is currently conducting surveys in five African Arab countries (Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, and Sudan) that cover all questions asked in the instruments developed by the two barometers.

Arab Barometer II

The Arab Democracy Barometer has now entered its second phase of the project.  The Arab Barometer team has joined in partnership with the Arab Reform Initiative to launch the national surveys in at least ten of the following Arab countries: Jordan, Palestine, Lebanon, Egypt, Sudan, Algeria, Morocco, Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Mauritania, Syria, and Iraq.  The second wave of surveys seeks to measure and track over time citizen attitudes, values, and behavior patterns relating to pluralism, freedoms, tolerance and equal opportunity; social and inter-personal trust; social, religious and political identities; conceptions of governance and an understanding of democracy; and civic engagement and political participation.

The second wave of surveys was conducted in the years 2010 and 2011, with the publication of results and launch of dissemination and outreach activities across the Arab world, Europe, and the United States scheduled for the beginning of 2012.  The operational base for this wave is the Center for Strategic Studies in Jordan (CSS).

This second phase is funded by the Canadian International Research and Development Centre (IDRC), the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), and the United States Institute of Peace (USIP).

Arab Barometer I

In its first phase, the Arab Barometer (AB) carried out nationally representative Democracy Barometer surveys in Morocco, Algeria, Kuwait, Palestine (West Bank and Gaza), Jordan, Lebanon and Yemen during 2006, 2007 and 2008.  The Arab Reform Initiative (ARI) also conducted its own first wave of national surveys in four countries, Jordan, Egypt, Lebanon, and Morocco, in 2006-2008.  These surveys, conducted through face-to-face interviews, included questions on a wide range of topics pertaining to governance, political life and political, social and cultural values.  A total of some 10,000 respondents were interviewed.  Country and regional comparative reports, in addition to thematic analyses, were published and are available on this website as well as ARI’s website.

Following the public release of the AB survey data in 2009, the Arab Barometer was designated as the best new data in comparative politics by the American Political Science Association.  Professor Mark Tessler of the University of Michigan and Professor Amaney Jamal of Princeton University accepted this prestigious award on behalf of the Arab Barometer Steering Committee.

In addition to providing data with which to assess pubic opinion in the Arab world, the Arab Barometer and Arab Reform Initiative undertook to share the results of its surveys through publications, reports, briefings, press conferences and public presentations.  Outreach and dissemination activities include presentations to various audiences not only in the Arab world but also in the United States and Europe.